Chapter 1 - FTP Software Instructions
Introduction To FTP
All of your files and subdirectories go into your public_html directory.
Now that we've distinguished where your files go, there are several ways depending on your computer system, that you can transfer files to your account directory. The process by which files are transferred to the web server is called "FTP" (File Transfer Protocol). You have unlimited access via FTP 24 hours a day. As such, you can create and maintain your web pages on your own computer and upload files to your web site at your leisure.
To upload your files to your account, you need an FTP program.
For the PC users, visit http://www.wsftp.com/ to download the newest version of WS_FTP LE for the PC, one of the most popular FTP programs on the web.
For the Macintosh, a program called "Fetch" is used, visit http://www.dartmouth.edu/pages/softdev/fetch.html to download the newest version of Fetch.
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WS_FTP LE For PC Users
Each time you run WS_FTP the Session Profile window will be displayed. Initially the window will be blank as seen in Figure A and after you've created your first profile you will need to click on the "NEW" button in order to get a blank profile or click on the drop down box to select an existing profile to use. A profile contains the information needed to connect to your web site.
To create a profile, you will need to fill in each area with the information as follows:
Profile Name: This should be a name that will enable you to recognize it from other profiles. In figure B we're giving it the name "Your Domain"
Host Name/Address: This should be either your IP Address (if your domain is not live on our server yet) or your domain name (if it is live on our server) Ex: 216.74.88.XXX (without the http://www in front of it). Your IP address was included in your welcome letter.
Host Type: This should be set at Auto Detect
User ID: This is your username as provided in your welcome letter. Linux is case sensitive so be sure to type your username exactly as it appears in your welcome letter.
Password: This is your password as provided in your welcome letter. Linux is case sensitive so be sure to type your username exactly as it appears in your welcome letter. To the right of the password there is a box to have WS_FTP to automatically remember your password so that you do not have to enter it each time you start this session. Check it to make your life less complicated.
Many of our users need to disable Passive Transfer in order to connect, this can be done by clicking on Options, then selecting the Session tab and removing the check from "Use Passive Transfer Mode"
Once you have completed the above steps, you are ready to save your changes and then connect to your account. Simply click on Apply in the lower part of the window, and then click on OK.
Once connected, your window will look like the figure to the right. You will see two separate windows. The window on the left is your actual hard drive and the one on the right is your domain account. You can navigate your hard drive to locate where your files are by double clicking on the green arrow move up to a different directory and by double clicking on a folder to go inside that specific directory.
The window on the right is your domain account and when you first log in you will be in the root of your account. You need to double click on public_html folder to open the directory where you upload all of your files and create subdirectories for pages that you want to be viewable through your browser.
When you initially log into your public_html directory you will not see any files, but you will see one directory which is a system directory named cgi-bin. Do not rename or delete this directory. This is the directory where you upload any 3rd party cgi scripts and is also the directory where the system stores scripts installed through your control panel.
To upload your files to your public_html, simply navigate through your hard drive to locate your files in the left window. You can upload one file at a time by selecting one file, a group of files by holding down your control key while selecting the files you want moved over, or an entire directory by clicking on the directory, and then clicking on the arrow pointing toward your domain. Your initial page for your web site must be named index.html or index.htm or visitors will not reach your domain when typing in www.yourdomain.com.
As soon as a file is uploaded to the web server, it is available for all to see. If, after uploading a file, you are still unable to see the updated file via Netscape, try hitting the "Refresh" or "Reload" button. If that fails, you need to clear both disk and browser cache. This function can be found by selecting Options>Network Preferences in Netscape. Remember that you must first be connected to the Internet through your local Internet service provider in order to connect to the web server.
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Fetch For MAC Users
The following information is contained within your account activation notice and is needed to connect to your web site via FTP:
The hostname tells your FTP software to connect to the web server upon which your web site resides.
Each time you run Fetch, the New Connection window will be displayed. A profile contains the information needed to connect to your web site. Creating a profile now will eliminate the need for you to configure the software each time you wish to connect to the web server via FTP. To create a new profile, select "New Connection..." from the File menu. Next, enter the Host (yourdomain.com), User ID (yourdomain), and password for your web site as illustrated below.
Don't worry about the Directory option right now. When you have your Host, User ID, and Password entered, click on the OK button.
The next window which will pop up will look virtually the same as below, except that yourdomain will be in the pop-up window.
Bookmarking the Connection
You should take the time, now that you have established your connection, to make it easier for you to get here next time. Under the Customize menu, select New Shortcut. A window will pop up called Bookmark Editor, as below. It will already have your name, Host, and User ID filled in. Under Type, choose File from the pop-up menu. If you would like Fetch to remember your password so you won't have to type it in each time, type in your password in the Password field. Now, under the same Customize menu, choose Preferences, and under the General tab, make sure the connection you just entered is selected as the default shortcut. Next time you open up Fetch, your shortcut will be opened automatically and all you'll have to do is click the OK button!
How to Transfer Files
Refer again to the sample window above. You need to double-click on www to get to your web directory. This is where all your files will be downloaded, and/or you will create sub-directories. The only system directory that you may need to use is cgi-bin; this directory is reserved for custom scripts. To make your home page load automatically, name the HTML document "index.htm" in lowercase and upload it to the www directory of your account. To upload a file or files, simply drag them from your hard drive onto the Fetch window when you are in the appropriate directory or subdirectory. Be sure to upload HTML documents and scripts in Text mode and images in BINARY mode. Or to make life easier, click on the Automatic button as shown in the sample window above, and Fetch will decide the proper format. To transfer a file to a subdirectory, double-click the appropriate subdirectory to open it before transferring the desired file(s).
To insure that the Automatic selection works properly, make sure the selections under the Upload tab in the Preferences window looks the same as below.
As soon as a file is uploaded to the web server, it is available for all to see. If, after uploading a file, you are still unable to see the updated file via Netscape, you need to hit the Reload button in the Netscape button bar. Remember that you must first be connected to the Internet through your local Internet service provider in order to connect to the web server.
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